Along with increasing settlement and exploration came confrontations with local Native Americans. The Snake Indians, led by Chief Paulina, were notorious for marauding supply trains, burning ranch houses, and murdering unsuspecting travelers. Military camps were established to provide protection along the Stage Road. One such camp, Camp Watson, is within the Antone Ranch property and was named after Lt. Stephen Watson of the 1st Oregon Cavalry (left). Watson died in an effort to capture an Indian camp southwest of Antone on May 18, 1864.